2009年9月28日星期一

Ancient Shanxi


Shanxi Province in the name of, because home is named the Taihang Mountains to the west. Spring and Autumn Period, most of all for Jin, therefore referred to as "Jin"; the early Warring States period, Han, Zhao, Jin Wei, 3 minutes, thus also known as "Shanxi." The province's total area of 156,000 square kilometers, with a total population of nearly 34 million people in the province jurisdiction 11 prefecture-level cities, 119 counties, cities and districts. 【Capital】 Taiyuan 】 【Population of 33.9258 million people (according to the end of 2007 Provincial Bureau of Statistics sampling statistics). The urban population of 14.9375 million, accounting for 44.03% of the total population; of the population living in rural 18.9883 million, accounting for 55.97% of the total population; males 17.3534 million people, of the total population, 51.15%; women 16.5724 million, accounting for 48.85% of the total population; the province a total of 9.9321 million households, the average population of 3.37 persons households. 【World Heritage】 Pingyao Ancient City, Yungang Grottoes, Mount Wutai 【】 Chinese historical and cultural city of Datong (first batch), Pingyao (second batch), Qi County, xinjiang, on behalf of the county (third) 【Chinese historical and cultural town】 Lingshi County, Shanxi Province, Seung-Jin Jing (first batch), Shanxi Province, Linxian County moraine Town (second batch), Xiangfen County, Shanxi Province, Fen towns (third), Shanxi Province, Binh Dinh County Niangziguan Town (third) 【Chinese history and culture village】 moraine Town, Sai Wan Estate, Linxian County in Shanxi Province (first batch), Yangcheng County, Shanxi Province, North stay in the town of Imperial Village (second batch), Shanxi Province, the town of Zhangbi Jiexiu City Longfeng Village (the first the second groups), Shanxi Province, fertile soil in Qinshui County, Township, Spanish Village (second batch), Pingyao County, Shanxi Province, Yue Wall Township, liangcun (third), Shanxi Province, Cao Bang-liang, former Tsuen village households (third batch), Yangcheng County, Shanxi Province, North stay in town, Guo Yu Cun (third), Yangquan City, Shanxi Province, a small suburb of justice Jinjing Town Kawamura (third) 【National key scenic spots】 Wutai, Hengshan, the Yellow River Hukou Waterfall, North Wudang, Wu Laofeng 【】 Lishan National Nature Reserve, Jiaocheng Pangquangou, Ningwu Luya Mountains, Yangcheng Mang River, Wulushan National Geological Park】 【Hukou Waterfall of the Yellow River, the ice cave Ningwu years, Wutai Mountain, Taihang Grand Canyon Huguan 【First batch of national key protection units in the list of Ancient】 Shanxi Province, library, Shanxi Museum 【Chinese folk culture protection of the Township】 Meng Mun Town, Liulin County Yellow River first door】 【world Liulin Meng Gate Provincial-level key cultural relics protection units】 【Liulin Meng Gate Nanshan Temple (also known as Lingquan Temple) 】 【Native variety of native products of Shanxi Province. Xinghuacun fen ancient history of our wines, the color of Crystal Jade, fragrance pure, delicious infinite, best-selling home and abroad; Shanxi mature vinegar sour sweet and fragrant cotton is not only a good flavor, but also digestion, beauty and sterilization; Huang Qin state shape, such as pearl millet, the Royal tribute; Pingyao beef color, smell and taste; XU grape, Fenyang walnut, willow tree dates. Taiyuan is the minds of other native Cuisines different flavor of food for thought. In addition, there Liuwei Vegetarian Sauce, double synthetic pastries, push light lacquer, Jinci rice, Xi County gold pear.
Wutai Mountain Buddhism spots


 Wutai Mountain in Shanxi Buddhist spots, located in Xinzhou City, Shanxi Province, northeast of Wutai County, Dongbei Yu, is a famous Buddhist, one of the four mountains, and Mount Emei in Sichuan, Zhejiang, Putuo Mountain, Jiuhua Mountain equally famous, at home and abroad that people yearn for the good place. In recent years, Wutai Mountain in Shanxi Buddhist spots tourists increasing year by year.

Mount Wutai is the first of China's four Buddhist mountains, located in Wutai County, Shanxi Province, Taiyuan City, 230 km north. Wutai Mountain in north and south from the East and West Wufeng composition. Mount Wutai, there have been 360 temples, 1956, when there are 124, the existing temples are more than 40.


Mount Wutai is reported is the Manjusri Bodhisattva's temple, where a number of temples to worship the temple are the main Manjusri. Manjusri is the Sakyamuni Zuoxie paternity, the most popular argument is that he was born in a Brahmin family homes defending, because there are loving heart, the latter with the release Di Mu Nifo monk to become the Buddha's great disciples, to help Buddha I. moss art of sentient beings. Great Buddha in his wisdom, eloquence various first, it works solely on the Buddha's wisdom, the "Ochi Monju" in appellation. Manjusri's horse pill please lions, said the wisdom of the mighty, his hand he holds a sword, saying sharp intelligence. Because of the wisdom of Manjusri Bodhisattva, so it pushed for the public the first Buddha.


According records, Wutai Mountain has been years in the Eastern Han Yong Ping temple architecture. According to legend, the Han Emperor Ming of Jin sit clouds Night's Dream, from the Western Paradise come to know there is a Buddhist sense, then send the Minister Cai dark, QIN Jing and others searching the west, thanks to seek Dharma. Cai, Qin and others in Da Yueshi be Buddhist statues, and coincidence are high by local missionary photo Matanga Tianzhu and Zhu Falan, from the nearby the same to China. Yongping decade (AD 67), the Fan Seng Han helps to bring down the White Horse pack is contained by the volume and statues to Luoyang. Han Emperor Ming a see Shakyamuni Buddha, as expected, and seen a dream, like soaring in thrall Buddhism, accordingly Decree Luoyang White Horse Temple was built, and the photo Mount Tang, Zhu Falan spread of Buddhism in China. Yongping eleven years, two cool Celestine monk came to Wutai Mountain, see the top five Taiwan Yamagata landform and the Sakyamuni Buddha's cultivation land Ling Jiushan consistent return to Luoyang, the Han Emperor Ming petitioned after the construction of temples in the Wutai Mountain. As a result, the Han Emperor Ming awarded purpose and the construction of large-fu-ling in the Wutai Temple greedy. Large-fu, is Hongxin meaning. Temple Yue Tamawashi refers to lands east Wutai Mountain and Western Regions Ling Jiushan phase if the hinterland. In this way, Luoyang White Horse Temple and the Temple Mount Wutai, a large-fu Tamawashi become the first to create a temple in China. Fu-Ling Wu-Tai Temple, Mount Wutai Xian Tong Temple is now the predecessor.


With the spread of Buddhism, Wutai Mountain as the status of Manjusri temple higher and higher more and more temples, the scale is growing. Since the Han Dynasty, when Emperor Ming Photo Mount Tang, Zhu Falan promote Buddhism, Temple started to build large-fu Tamawashi to the Southern and Northern Dynasties period, the Wutai Mountain has been many 200 to construct a temple.

"Sutra," the statement described in Manjusri temple in the northeast side of Qingliangshan. Wutai Mountain is not only located in the northeast of Chang Tang is also the birthplace of Buddhism in India's northeast. Yamauchi accumulated ice age climate, summer is still snow, had no Yan Shu, and "Sutra," said match. All of Wutai Mountain Buddhism, then please Manjusri East to settle down, renamed the Wutai Mountain as Qingliangshan, respect for the land of China Manjusri bring their families, live demonstrations, saying the Dojo to teach speech. This was followed by pairs of Manjusri and detailed discussions, so that the image of Manjusri continued tall plump, finally rose to "Chilbulbong of the teacher", "III Buddhas that the mother", Wutai Mountain is also the title of "Gold World", " cool net. "

From the establishment of the Northern Wei Emperor Xiaowen's summer resort in the mountains began Emperor, Emperor Taizong of Song, Yuan Yingzong, the Qing Patriarch, Qing Gaozong receives favor from Wutai Mountain, etc. have. As for the Chinese dynasties emperor, empress emissary Lai tie Wutai Mountain, and even more have never been stopped numerous.

Wutai Mountain in Tibetan Buddhism the time, there are two of the Tang and the Yuan Dynasty, said the Qing dynasty reached its peak. Early Qing Dynasty, the court will be changed to Mount Wutai Temple Yellow Green 10 Temple, monks also have become a lama from the monk. Since then, the Wutai Mountain Han monks there. Mount Wutai is rare in the Han, Tibetan Buddhism, Buddhist gather in one place, resort.
Mountain Scenic Area】 【Ciccio Courtyard Ciccio Courtyard Mountain Scenic Area, Qiao's Grand Courtyard located in the beautiful and rich Shanxi Jinzhong basin, located in Qi County, 12 kilometers northeast of the QIAO Jia-warburg, 50 kilometers from the provincial capital Taiyuan, and Qixian the famous Palace of the Chinese Book of Changes , Yanshou Temple, nine scenic ditch, Drainage Courtyard, Ming and Qing street, Long Yu Chuan day trips such as the formation of the pattern of spots. In recent years, Scenic Mountain Ciccio Courtyard tourists increasing year by year.


Qiao's Grand Courtyard is Qixian QIAO Jia "in Tang," the houses, "in Tang" is a well-known home and abroad, the third generation of commercial capitalists QIAO Jia-Yong of the Church caused by the name Joe.

Qiao Jia Da Yuan was founded in清乾隆年间, and later in the Qing-wen, dynasty and early Republican era between the additional and amended several times, the time span of two centuries, though, but maintained a style of nature itself. Qiao Jia Da Yuan covers an area of 8724.8 square meters, from 6 compound in a total of 19 small homes composed of 313 houses. From the heights overlooking the overall layout of the font for the Double Happiness, castle-style architecture. 4 weeks up to 10 meters wide enclosed water extravagant brick walls, the hospital and the hospital Xiangxian, housing and the housing connecting, row upon row of hanging Peak, Xie Shanding, hard peak, Volume Ceiling, and flat on top, there is channel connected to the wall with battlements. Hospital-wide with a straight corridor will be separated on both sides of the compound 6, the hospital there are homes, courtyard garden. Courtyard,


xanthone, homes, eccentric homes, Point Road School, sets of homes, their doors and windows, oak canopies, order stone, railing, etc., are all sleek, Creative design. Brick courtyard, pitching considerable ridge carving, wall carving, carved screens, columns carved with figures ... ... histories, landscapes and architecture, literature, themes each with their own style. Welcome all the tourists who come to Courtyard Ciccio Mountain Scenic Spot.
 
【Pingyao Ancient City】



Jinzhong of Shanxi Province, Shanxi Pingyao Ancient City is located in the abdomen area, Taiyuan Basin, the southern tip, with a total area of 1253 square kilometers, population 450,000, 90 kilometers away from Taiyuan. The ancient city of Pingyao in Shanxi Province has a long history, artifacts and convenient transportation, commerce and trade developed, four of our existing good of an ancient city in the most complete ancient city. In recent years, the ancient city of Pingyao in Shanxi tourists increasing year by year.

Pingyao Ancient City is located in the north county. Old rammed earth city wall, according to legend built by the Western Zhou Dynasty generals Yinji Fu. The early Ming Dynasty, in order to defense the South alien interference, in the Hongwu years (1370) in the old city wall built on the basis of re-expansion, and gradually improve as a brick city. Fortresses circumference of 6163 meters, walls and high 10 - 12 meters, there are Embrasure, watch tower, turret, Kuixing of architectural buildings and Urn.

Pingyao Ancient City, known to history as ancient pottery, according to legend for the About Yao's fiefs. Spring and autumn when Jin colony, the Warring States Period is Zhao. Chi-Ping Qin Tao County, the Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum home in Beijing, in both counties. Light only the first year of the Northern Wei Dynasty (424), Gai-ping Tao of Pingyao far.

Pingyao Ancient City area of 2.25 square kilometers throughout the fortresses, the shape of turtle-shaped layout, the "turtle before playing in the water, landscapes, Chaoyang", which commonly known as "Turtle Town." The overall spatial layout of the ancient city of orderly streets of south central axis, floor cross-street and off city, symmetrical layout, left town god's temple, right county Yashu; left the Confucian Temple, right-wu temple; left-Qing Xu concept, the right set of Temple. City streets are "four-street, eight street, 72 Youyan Lane," said. Road skeleton horizon, the streets clear, spatial scale and pleasant, elegant street name. Two-story loft building down the street, opening shops, followed by courtyard, after the formation of Front Street house features a clear pattern. Ming and Qing dynasties gradually opened up into a modern commercial street, popular with visitors welcome.

Pingyao Ancient City is large in spirit, nurturing a number of outstanding figures. There are literature, history, the Western Jin Dynasty, Sun Chu and Eastern Jin Dynasty writer Sun Sheng, a famous poet, Sun Chuo Xuanyan; a party co-founder of Communist Party of China in Shanxi Province Hou Shi-Min, Liu Hulan anti-Japanese heroine Liang Ben ago. Has also emerged a number of contemporary China in the pillars of our academic elite. Ang Lee to economists, diplomats HAO Green, the historian waiting outside the Cottage, artists Li Qi, modern literature, expert Wang Yao, Guo Lanying singer, composer Gong Zhiwei, Hou Seiichi linguists and so on. These outstanding figures are Pingyao an important part of history and culture.


The characteristics of the ancient city of Pingyao in Shanxi Province, lies the ancient city with ancient buildings and residential areas within the main basic. Mostly residential quadrangle shape, there are several sets of homes along the central axis composed of mostly the middle of a low wall, gate prostrata separated into two and three into the formation of a "Day" and "head" type the basic layout of the form. The main building main building is three blocks from time to time five arch caves, wooden structure built in front of Phi eaves, Ming column with QT, and wood carvings. The roof is flat-topped, some on the building screen wall, feng shui floor; inverted block of rooms and the South East and West rooms, all single aspect within a sloping tile roof wooden structures, street doors usually shoot axis on the left block down from time to time axis on the Street screen wall opposite the door. Like this preserved courtyard about 400 multiple.

Pingyao Ancient City, Shanxi numerous cultural relics, is a state-level key cultural relics protection units of three (walls, Shuang Lin Temple, the town of Temple), provincial-level key cultural relics protection units (Dacheng Hall of Confucius Temple. Tsz-phase Temple, municipal buildings, Qing Xu concept, Rishengchang Piaohao site, Kim Chong Confucian Temple), county-level key cultural relics protection units of 90

Pingyao Ancient City is rich with famous lacquerware push light, originated in the Tang Dynasty Kaiyuan, so far, 1,200 years of history, characterized by bright color, texture hard, fire-resistant ironing, consummate skill, both practical, but also have appreciation value. Pingyao beef, well-known from the mid-Ming Dynasty Great Wall and the river north and south, as early as 40 years ago was awarded a national delicacy food. They have a long yams, Penang fruits and many other agricultural products, sold at home and abroad.

In recent years, the value of the ancient city of Pingyao is increasingly being recognized. In 1986, the State Council approved as a national historical and cultural city. Japanese construction experts inspected several times to Pingyao, saying that "the ancient city of Pingyao is not only China's cultural heritage, but also the cultural wealth of all mankind." United Nations "Center for Human Settlements," experts say "Pingyao is the world's ancient architecture center." Welcome all the tourists who come to tour the ancient city of Pingyao in Shanxi Province.
 
【Shanxi Yungang Grottoes Scenic Area】



Yungang Grottoes is located 16 kilometers west of Datong Wu weeks foothills of the north-wu chon. The mountain caves excavated east-west stretching one kilometer. The existing 45 major caves, namely, more than 1100 small niche, the size of more than 51,000 statues statue, which is China's largest group of caves, one of the world-famous treasure houses of art.

Yungang Grottoes is one of China's four grottoes. The other three caves are: the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes, the Longmen Grottoes and the Maijishan Grottoes. And Gansu Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes, the Longmen Grottoes in Henan saying that "China's Three Grottoes", is also the world-famous treasure house of one of the stone carving art. 1961 State Council promulgated a national key cultural relics protection units in 2001 was listed as World Heritage Site. May 8, 2007, Datong Yungang Grottoes formally approved by the China National Tourism Administration for the state 5A-class tourist scenic spot. Welcome all the tourists who come to Yungang Grottoes in Shanxi tourism.


【Shanxi Manghe eco-tourism location】


Yangcheng County in Shanxi Province, Shanxi Yangcheng full name of the macaque Manghe National Nature Reserve, as state-level forest park. Cheng Taiyue scenic north east Taihang, the West relies in the article WANGWU south. Tourism planning and a total area of 117 square kilometers, the forest coverage rate reached 82%. Manghe ecological scenic spot is a rocky mountainous area, the main composition of a crystalline rocks and metamorphic rocks, landforms mostly Shen Jian, canyons, Qifeng, waterfall pool-based, its highest peak to mean within the column Mountain (elevation 1572.6m), the lowest point is Shui Zhuang (elevation 300m). There are four main ditch, that is, after the big brook, Yangzhuang brook, south brook, ditch Manghe Shui Zhuang, Gou Gou interlinked. The main peaks are Shiren Mountain, peacocks mountain, sit in that column Hill, hole mountain, three winding, two-finger-feng, a dream pen flower and so on. Undulating hills, ravines horizon, Qifeng Lin, forming a rugged landscape of steep peaks and valleys.


Cui Lin Manghe. Manghe forest cover up to 82%, and the mountains dripping Cui Jiao spring, flowers bloom, contests. Summer, the lush, cool and pleasant, the autumn season, Man Shan fiery red leaves, fruits everywhere, the rise of Wang Jin, row of trees to make dye, it is relaxed and happy.

Hole Manghe secluded. Is typical of calcification Manghe surface, humid climate with annual precipitation of 600 mm -900 mm, creating a group of strange things in Manghe hole. Some of these caves hung in the hillside, some hidden under the cliffs, some very small holes, inside the cave is big hole in the cave, and some big holes, the hole is very shallow. Grotesque, mysterious and unpredictable.

Manghe of Qi Shi. Traveled Manghe scenes, a long time can not forget those who make you admire numerous wonders of nature to shape the stone gods, and some like Mountain's insurance, but small and exquisite, and some of the strange as Huangshan, yet uneven, filling Python characteristics of rivers and mountains of stone, it is food for thought.

The Shueisiou Manghe. Manghe of the water tunnel in an effort to shun the mountain stream with the ditch line, hanging by the waterfall, down by the lake, walking by the turbulence, and stopped by for Wang. The formation of a small Huangguoshu waterfall, Erlongxizhu, turtle pool, three Long waterfalls, python Lake landscape. Beautiful scenery, forming a unique landscape, "North little Guilin", "Northern Small Jiuzhai."

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